Because of their complexity, the foot and ankle require special care. Our physicians will treat many common ailments.

Foot & Ankle

The foot contains more than 28 bones and 30 joints which are held together by over 100 ligaments. Because of its complexity, the foot is particularly susceptible to injury and disease and requires special care. Our doctors treat fractures, sprains, dislocations, tendonitis, bursitis, fasciitis and deformities of the foot and toes.

Common Problems

Bunions-A bunion is chronic a deformity or misalignment of the big toe. The joint of the big toe becomes swollen and tender on the inside, and the big toe slants outward. Bunions affect women more commonly than men. Although bunions can run in families, wearing poor-fitting shoes most commonly causes bunions. The treatment varies according to the severity of the deformity and the pain. Treatment can range from anti-inflammatory medication and new shoes with inserts to reconstructive surgery to realign the toe and to remove the painful bump or bunion.

Hammer Toe-Hammer toe is a condition in which the toe bends upward like a claw and becomes rigidly fixed in the bent position. It often affects the second toe but may affect several toes. Hammer toe may be caused by wearing shoes that do not fit properly. The condition may also occur in people with nerve damage. Surgical treatment may be considered if non-operative treatment such as shoe modifications fails to relieve the pain.

Plantar fasciitis-Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation caused by excessive or repetitive stretching of the tissue (plantar fascia) that runs along the bottom of the foot. This can be caused by foot deformity, weight gain, and a sudden increase in physical activity, trauma or improperly fitting shoes. Symptoms of plantar fasciitis include pain on the bottom of the foot where the heel and arch meet. Treatments can include wearing orthotic inserts, stretching exercises, weight loss, night bracing and injections.

Neuromas-Morton’s neuroma is a painful pinched nerve located between the toes. This can happen when tight shoes squeeze the foot bones together. Treatment usually involves wearing wider shoes, anti-inflammatory medicines, and cortisone injections. Severe cases may require surgery.

Foot Ganglion-A ganglion cyst is a benign small, hard nodule usually on the top of the foot. The nodule fills with fluid which causes it to enlarge. It may be large enough to interfere with proper shoe wear The ganglion may go away without treatment, and then reappear later. Aspiration, which involves extracting the jelly-like fluid with a needle under local anesthesia in the office, is usually effective. In some instances, surgery may be necessary to fully remove the ganglion cyst.


Dr. John Mulroy, M.D.

College Boston College – Chestnut Hill, MA B.S., Biology/Mathematic Medical School Tufts University School of Medicine – Boston, MA M.D. Degree Internship St. Elizabeth’s Hospital – Boston, MA General Surgery Residency St. Elizabet

Dr. Michael Vazquez, M.D.

College Williams College- Williamstown, MA B.A., Biology Medical School Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons – New York, NY M.D. Degree Internship Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center- Boston, MA General Surgery Residency Harvar

Dr. Susan Barrett, M.D.

College Harvard University – Cambridge, MA Medical School Tulane University School of Medicine – New Orleans, LA Internship Barnes-Jewish Hospital  – St. Louis, MO Washington University School of Medicine – St. Louis, MO General